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U10 Rules

US Youth Soccer Official Under 10 Playing Recommendations

 

US Youth Soccer recommended modifications to the FIFA Laws of the Game.

FIFA Laws of the Game can be found at www.ussoccer.com/referees.

Please also note the UIO addendum and appendix.

 

Law 1 - The Field of Play

Dimensions: The field of play must be rectangular. The length of the touchline must be greater

than the length of the goal line.

Length: minimum 45 yards maximum 60 yards

Width: minimum 35 yards maximum 45 yards

 

Field Markings: Distinctive lines not more than five (5) inches wide. The field of play is divided

into two halves by a halfway line. The center mark is indicated at the midpoint of the halfway

line. A circle with a radius of eight (8) yards is marked around it.

 

The Goal Area: A goal area is defined at each end of the field as follows: Two lines are drawn

at right angles to the goal line five (5) yards from the inside of each goalpost. These lines extend

into the field of play for a distance of five (5) yards and are joined by a line drawn parallel with

the goal line. The area bounded by these lines and the goal line is the goal area.

 

The Penalty Area: A penalty area is defined at each end of the field as follows: Two lines are

drawn at right angles to the goal line, ten (10) yards from the inside of each goalpost. These

lines extend into the field of play for a distance of ten (10) yards and are joined by a line drawn

parallel with the goal line. The area bounded by these lines and the goal line is the penalty area.

Within each penalty area a penalty mark is made eight (8) yards from the midpoint between the goalposts and equidistant to them. An arc of a circle with a radius of eight (8) yards from each penalty mark is drawn outside the penalty area.

 

Flag posts: Conform to FIF A.

 

The Corner Arc: Conform to FIF A.

 

Goals: Goals must be placed on the center of each goal line. They consist of two upright posts

Equi-distant from the corner flag posts and joined at the top by a horizontal crossbar. The

maximum distance between the posts is eighteen (18) feet and the maximum distance from the

lower edge of the crossbar to the ground is six (6) feet.

 

Safety: Goals must be anchored securely to the ground. Portable goals may only be used if they satisfy this requirement.

 

Law 2 - The Ball: Size four (4).

Law 3 - The Number of Players: A match is played by two teams, each consisting of not more than six players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. A match may not start if either team consists of fewer than five players.

 

Substitutions: At any stoppage and unlimited.

 

Playing time: Each player SHALL playa minimum of 50% of the total playing time. Teams and

matches may be coed.

 

Law 4 - The Players' Equipment: Conform to FIF A. Non-uniform clothing is allowed based on weather conditions, but uniforms must still distinguish teams.

Law 5 - The Referee: Registered referee, especially Grade 9 or parent/coach or assistant coach.

All rule infringements shall be briefly explained to the offending player.

Law 6 - The Assistant Referees: Not required. May use club linesmen if desired.

Law 7 - The Duration of the Match: Conform to FIFA with the exception of the match being

divided into two (2) equal halves of twenty-five (25) minutes each. There shall be a half-time

interval of five (5) minutes.

Law 8 - The Start and Restart of Play: Conform to FIFA with the exception of the opponents of

the team taking the kick-off are at least eight (8) yards from the ball until it is in play.

Law 9 - The Ball In and Out of Play: Conform to FIF A.

Law 10 - The Method of Scoring: Conform to FIF A.

Law 11 - Offside: yes basic single ref will call obviouis offsides.

Law 12 - Fouls and Misconduct: Conform to FIF A with the exception that an indirect free kick

is awarded to the opposing team at the center spot on the halfway line if a goalkeeper punts or

drop-kicks the ball in the air from his/her penalty area into the opponents penalty area.

Law 13 - Free Kicks: Conform to FIFA with the exception that all opponents are at least eight

(8) yards from the ball.

Law 14 - The Penalty Kick: Conform to FIFA with the exception that the penalty mark is made

eight (8) yards from the midpoint between the goalposts and equidistant to them.

Law 15 - The Throw-In: Conform to FIFA.

Revised April 3, 2014

Law 16 - The Goal Kick: Conform to FIFA. Club or league option: US Youth soccer

recommends that opponents should remain in their own half until the ball is in play. The team

taking the goal kick does not have to wait for the opposition to retreat and has the option to

restart the game beforehand should they so choose. The ball is in play when it is kicked directly

out of the penalty area.

Law 17 - The Corner Kick: Conform to FIF A with the exception that opponents remain at least

eight (8) yards from the ball until it is in play.

ADDENDUM

MODIFIED RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE GAME FOR U10

Law 1 The Field of Play, dimensions are smaller to accommodate the six-versus-six

game and are appropriate for the movement capabilities of eight- and nine-year-old children.

These adjusted dimensions provide more practical space allowing players to be successful.

Field Markings, the goal area is smaller than the adult size goal area and is

proportional to the UlO field of play. The penalty area is marked, but is smaller than the adult field

size penalty area and within the penalty area is the penalty mark which is four yards shorter than

the adult size field marking. The center circle is two yards smaller in radius than the adult size

field marking. All other markings are per FIFA.

Goals, the goal, 6 x 18 feet, is the same for the UtO and Ut2 age groups. By

using the same size goal for both age groups clubs will have to buy fewer goals. Any goal must

be properly anchored to the ground.

 

Law 2 The Ball, must be a size four. The smaller ball is lighter and more easily kicked,

received, dribbled and passed.

 

Law 3 The Number of Players, the six-a-side game now includes the goalkeeper. The

smaller number of field players will provide the opportunity for the children to further develop their physical and technical abilities. These are valuable traits for all soccer players to develop. With fewer players on the field each child has an increased number of contacts with the ball and has more actual playing time. Additionally the players will be required to make more decisions and experience repeating game situations more frequently. The work rate and involvement of players will be more consistent. While learning both offense and defense, players will become well rounded and will understand more readily the roles and importance of teammates. The need for the players to make the mental and physical transition from offense to defense and vice-versa will be enhanced in this playing environment.

 

The minimum number of players to begin a match for preteen players in SSG should be one (1)

less that the number required on the field. That is for U12 the minimum will be seven (7) and for Ul0 the minimum will be five (5). There should not be a minimum for U8 and U6 and clubs,

administrators, coaches and referees should be encouraged to allow players from the team with sufficient numbers to 'loan' a player or two to the team that is short players and then PLAY.

 

The rationale for substitutions at any stoppage is to give more playing time as noted. Allowing

subs at any stoppage is on the same page as FIFA. The only thing that we need remember is that play must be stopped for all substitutions; we can never allow on-the-fly substitution.

 

Law 5 The Referee: per FIFA. Clubs are urged to use this age group as a field training

opportunity for Grade 9 Recreational Referees. All rule infringements shall be_briefly explained to the offending player.

 

Law 6 The Assistant Referees: use club linesmen/women. Implement here the refereein-

training program.

 

Law 7 The Duration of the Match: per FIFA with the exception of the halves being 25-minutes each.

 

Law 8 The Duration of the Match: per FIFA with the exception of the halves being 25

The Start and Restart of Play: per FIFA. The distance the defending players must

be away from the ball until it is kicked is the same as the radius of the center circle.

 

Law 10 Goal Scored: shall conform to FIFA and the sections concerning Winning Team and

Competition Rules shall conform to US Youth Soccer guidelines.

 

Law 11 Offside: there shall be no offside called during these games.

 

Law 12 The rule on the goalkeeper's distribution still allows for the ball to be punted the entire

length of the field; it just can not go directly into the opponents' penalty area

 

Law 13 Free Kicks: per FIFA. The distance the defending players must be away from the ball untilit is kicked is the same as the radius of the center circle.

 

Law 14 The Penalty Kick, conform to FIFA with the exceptions that the penalty mark is eight yards from the center of the goal line and that players other than the kicker and defending goalkeeper are at least eight yards from the penalty mark. The distance of eight yards conforms to the radius of the center circle. The distance of eight yards from the center of the goalmouth for the penalty mark fits within the reduced dimensions of the penalty area and is a reasonable distance for the kick.

 

Law 16 The Goal Kick, If the suggestion of using the halfway line is used then the defending

players must stand at least at the halfway line until the ball is in play. The position of the

defending players is so that the attacking team has a chance to play the ball out of their penalty

area. Teams are encouraged to inter-pass the ball in order to advance up field.

 

Law 17 The Corner Kick, per FIFA. The distance the defending players must be away from the

ball until it is kicked is the same as the radius of the center circle.

Roster Size, Under the single field method the recommended minimum roster size

is nine players and the maximum roster size is eleven players. Under the dual

field method the recommended minimum roster size is fourteen players and the

maximum roster size is sixteen players. This range of roster sizes allows for a

club to use either the single field or dual field set up.

Split-Field Model, See appendix for options.

Playing Time, A minimum of at least 50% playing time is required.

No score or standings should be kept.

 

ADVANTAGES OF PLAYING SMALL SIDED GAMES

o More time with the coach

o Energetic workouts due to playing both offense and defense

o More efficient use of field space

o Matches can be played simultaneously across a full size field

o Children are physically more efficient in smaller space

o Children are actively Involved for a longer period of time

o It takes less time to score a goal or advance to goal

o Greater success rate for the players

 

us Youth Soccer Recommendations

.:. Opposing coaches, players and parents should shake hands after each match .

• :. Parent/coaches, non-participating players and spectators should be there to enjoy

and encourage the activity of the youngsters .

• :. Spectator and team benches should be on opposite sides of the field .

• :. No alcoholic beverages or tobacco products will be consumed or allowed near the

playing area. Opposing parent/coaches and players should shake hands after

each match .

• :. No slide tackles to be allowed in this age group .

• :. Coaches of Ul0 teams should attend the Ul0/U12 Youth Module coaching course

and the Grade 9 referee course.

 

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